get_robust_list, set_robust_list - get/set list of robust futexes
These system calls deal with per-thread robust futex lists. These lists are managed in user space: the kernel knows only about the location of the head of the list. A thread can inform the kernel of the location of its robust futex list using set_robust_list(). The address of a thread's robust futex list can be obtained using get_robust_list().
The purpose of the robust futex list is to ensure that if a thread accidentally fails to unlock a futex before terminating or calling execve(2), another thread that is waiting on that futex is notified that the former owner of the futex has died. This notification consists of two pieces: the FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit is set in the futex word, and the kernel performs a futex(2) FUTEX_WAKE operation on one of the threads waiting on the futex.
The get_robust_list() system call returns the head
of the robust futex list of the thread whose thread ID is specified in
pid is 0, the head of the list for the calling
thread is returned. The list head is stored in the location pointed to
head_ptr. The size of the object pointed to by
**head_ptr is stored in
The set_robust_list() system call requests the
kernel to record the head of the list of robust futexes owned by the
calling thread. The
head argument is the list head to record.
len argument should be
The set_robust_list() system call can fail with the following error:
len does not equal sizeof(struct
The get_robust_list() system call can fail with the following errors:
The head of the robust futex list can't be stored at the location
The calling process does not have permission to see the robust futex
list of the thread with the thread ID
pid, and does not have
the CAP_SYS_PTRACE capability.
No thread with the thread ID
pid could be found.
These system calls were added in Linux 2.6.17.
These system calls are not needed by normal applications. No support for them is provided in glibc. In the unlikely event that you want to call them directly, use syscall(2).
A thread can have only one robust futex list; therefore applications that wish to use this functionality should use the robust mutexes provided by glibc.
In the initial implementation, a thread waiting on a futex was notified that the owner had died only if the owner terminated. Starting with Linux 2.6.28, notification was extended to include the case where the owner performs an execve(2).
This page is part of release 5.10 of the Linux
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and the latest version of this page, can be found at