mknod, mknodat - create a special or ordinary file
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <unistd.h> int mknod(const char *pathname, mode_t mode, dev_t dev); #include <fcntl.h> /* Definition of AT_* constants */ #include <sys/stat.h> int mknodat(int dirfd, const char *pathname, mode_t mode, dev_t dev);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
The system call mknod() creates a filesystem node (file, device special file, or named pipe) named
pathname, with attributes specified by
mode argument specifies both the file mode to use and the type of node to be created. It should be a combination (using bitwise OR) of one of the file types listed below and zero or more of the file mode bits listed in inode(7).
The file mode is modified by the process's
umask in the usual way: in the absence of a default ACL, the permissions of the created node are (
mode & ~
The file type must be one of S_IFREG, S_IFCHR, S_IFBLK, S_IFIFO, or S_IFSOCK to specify a regular file (which will be created empty), character special file, block special file, FIFO (named pipe), or UNIX domain socket, respectively. (Zero file type is equivalent to type S_IFREG.)
If the file type is S_IFCHR or S_IFBLK, then
dev specifies the major and minor numbers of the newly created device special file (makedev(3) may be useful to build the value for
dev); otherwise it is ignored.
pathname already exists, or is a symbolic link, this call fails with an EEXIST error.
The newly created node will be owned by the effective user ID of the process. If the directory containing the node has the set-group-ID bit set, or if the filesystem is mounted with BSD group semantics, the new node will inherit the group ownership from its parent directory; otherwise it will be owned by the effective group ID of the process.
If the pathname given in
pathname is relative, then it is interpreted relative to the directory referred to by the file descriptor
dirfd (rather than relative to the current working directory of the calling process, as is done by mknod() for a relative pathname).
pathname is relative and
dirfd is the special value AT_FDCWD, then
pathname is interpreted relative to the current working directory of the calling process (like mknod()).
pathname is absolute, then
dirfd is ignored.
The parent directory does not allow write permission to the process, or one of the directories in the path prefix of
pathname did not allow search permission. (See also path_resolution(7).)
The user's quota of disk blocks or inodes on the filesystem has been exhausted.
pathname already exists. This includes the case where
pathname is a symbolic link, dangling or not.
pathname points outside your accessible address space.
mode requested creation of something other than a regular file, device special file, FIFO or socket.
Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving
pathname was too long.
A directory component in
pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link.
Insufficient kernel memory was available.
The device containing
pathname has no room for the new node.
A component used as a directory in
pathname is not, in fact, a directory.
mode requested creation of something other than a regular file, FIFO (named pipe), or UNIX domain socket, and the caller is not privileged (Linux: does not have the CAP_MKNOD capability); also returned if the filesystem containing
pathname does not support the type of node requested.
pathname refers to a file on a read-only filesystem.
The following additional errors can occur for mknodat():
dirfd is not a valid file descriptor.
pathname is relative and
dirfd is a file descriptor referring to a file other than a directory.
mknodat() was added to Linux in kernel 2.6.16; library support was added to glibc in version 2.4.
POSIX.1-2001 says: "The only portable use of mknod() is to create a FIFO-special file. If
mode is not S_IFIFO or
dev is not 0, the behavior of mknod() is unspecified." However, nowadays one should never use mknod() for this purpose; one should use mkfifo(3), a function especially defined for this purpose.
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux
man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.