des_crypt, ecb_crypt, cbc_crypt, des_setparity, DES_FAILED - fast DES encryption


Standard C library (libc, -lc)


#include <rpc/des_crypt.h>
[[deprecated]] int ecb_crypt(char *key, char data[.datalen],
 unsigned int datalen, unsigned int mode);
[[deprecated]] int cbc_crypt(char *key, char data[.datalen],
 unsigned int datalen, unsigned int mode,
 char *ivec);
[[deprecated]] void des_setparity(char *key);
[[deprecated]] int DES_FAILED(int status);


ecb_crypt() and cbc_crypt() implement the NBS DES (Data Encryption Standard). These routines are faster and more general purpose than crypt(3). They also are able to utilize DES hardware if it is available. ecb_crypt() encrypts in ECB (Electronic Code Book) mode, which encrypts blocks of data independently. cbc_crypt() encrypts in CBC (Cipher Block Chaining) mode, which chains together successive blocks. CBC mode protects against insertions, deletions, and substitutions of blocks. Also, regularities in the clear text will not appear in the cipher text.

Here is how to use these routines. The first argument, key, is the 8-byte encryption key with parity. To set the key's parity, which for DES is in the low bit of each byte, use des_setparity(). The second argument, data, contains the data to be encrypted or decrypted. The third argument, datalen, is the length in bytes of data, which must be a multiple of 8. The fourth argument, mode, is formed by ORing together some things. For the encryption direction OR in either DES_ENCRYPT or DES_DECRYPT. For software versus hardware encryption, OR in either DES_HW or DES_SW. If DES_HW is specified, and there is no hardware, then the encryption is performed in software and the routine returns DESERR_NOHWDEVICE. For cbc_crypt(), the argument ivec is the 8-byte initialization vector for the chaining. It is updated to the next initialization vector upon return.



No error.


Encryption succeeded, but done in software instead of the requested hardware.


An error occurred in the hardware or driver.


Bad argument to routine.

Given a result status stat, the macro DES_FAILED(stat) is false only for the first two statuses.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value

ecb_crypt(), cbc_crypt(), des_setparity()

Thread safety MT-Safe




4.3BSD. glibc 2.1. Removed in glibc 2.28.

Because they employ the DES block cipher, which is no longer considered secure, these functions were removed. Applications should switch to a modern cryptography library, such as libgcrypt.


des(1), crypt(3), xcrypt(3)