wprintf, fwprintf, swprintf, vwprintf, vfwprintf, vswprintf - formatted wide-character output conversion
#include <stdio.h> #include <wchar.h> int wprintf(const wchar_t *format, ...); int fwprintf(FILE *stream, const wchar_t *format, ...); int swprintf(wchar_t *wcs, size_t maxlen, const wchar_t *format, ...); int vwprintf(const wchar_t *format, va_list args); int vfwprintf(FILE *stream, const wchar_t *format, va_list args); int vswprintf(wchar_t *wcs, size_t maxlen, const wchar_t *format, va_list args);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
All functions shown above:
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
format string is a wide-character string.
The output consists of wide characters, not bytes.
swprintf() and vswprintf() take a
maxlen argument, sprintf(3) and vsprintf(3) do not. (snprintf(3) and vsnprintf(3) take a
maxlen argument, but these functions do not return -1 upon buffer overflow on Linux.)
The treatment of the conversion characters c and s is different:
If no l modifier is present, the
int argument is converted to a wide character by a call to the btowc(3) function, and the resulting wide character is written. If an l modifier is present, the
wint_t (wide character) argument is written.
If no l modifier is present: the
const char * argument is expected to be a pointer to an array of character type (pointer to a string) containing a multibyte character sequence beginning in the initial shift state. Characters from the array are converted to wide characters (each by a call to the mbrtowc(3) function with a conversion state starting in the initial state before the first byte). The resulting wide characters are written up to (but not including) the terminating null wide character (L'\0'). If a precision is specified, no more wide characters than the number specified are written. Note that the precision determines the number of
wide characters written, not the number of
screen positions. The array must contain a terminating null byte ('\0'), unless a precision is given and it is so small that the number of converted wide characters reaches it before the end of the array is reached. If an l modifier is present: the
const wchar_t * argument is expected to be a pointer to an array of wide characters. Wide characters from the array are written up to (but not including) a terminating null wide character. If a precision is specified, no more than the number specified are written. The array must contain a terminating null wide character, unless a precision is given and it is smaller than or equal to the number of wide characters in the array.
POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C99.
The behavior of wprintf() et al. depends on the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.
format string contains non-ASCII wide characters, the program will work correctly only if the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale at run time is the same as the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale at compile time. This is because the
wchar_t representation is platform- and locale-dependent. (The glibc represents wide characters using their Unicode (ISO-10646) code point, but other platforms don't do this. Also, the use of C99 universal character names of the form \unnnn does not solve this problem.) Therefore, in internationalized programs, the
format string should consist of ASCII wide characters only, or should be constructed at run time in an internationalized way (e.g., using gettext(3) or iconv(3), followed by mbstowcs(3)).
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux
man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.