pthread_tryjoin_np, pthread_timedjoin_np - try to join with a terminated thread


#define _GNU_SOURCE /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
#include <pthread.h>

int pthread_tryjoin_np(pthread_t thread, void **retval);

int pthread_timedjoin_np(pthread_t thread, void **retval,
 const struct timespec *abstime);

Compile and link with -pthread.


These functions operate in the same way as pthread_join(3), except for the differences described on this page.

The pthread_tryjoin_np() function performs a nonblocking join with the thread thread, returning the exit status of the thread in *retval. If thread has not yet terminated, then instead of blocking, as is done by pthread_join(3), the call returns an error.

The pthread_timedjoin_np() function performs a join-with-timeout. If thread has not yet terminated, then the call blocks until a maximum time, specified in abstime, measured against the CLOCK_REALTIME clock. If the timeout expires before thread terminates, the call returns an error. The abstime argument is a structure of the following form, specifying an absolute time measured since the Epoch (see time(2)):

struct timespec {
    time_t tv_sec;     /* seconds */
    long   tv_nsec;    /* nanoseconds */


On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return an error number.


The following code waits to join for up to 5 seconds:

struct timespec ts;
int s;


if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ts) == -1) {
    /* Handle error */

ts.tv_sec += 5;

s = pthread_timedjoin_np(thread, NULL, &ts);
if (s != 0) {
    /* Handle error */


These functions can fail with the same errors as pthread_join(3). pthread_tryjoin_np() can in addition fail with the following error:


thread had not yet terminated at the time of the call.

pthread_timedjoin_np() can in addition fail with the following errors:


The call timed out before thread terminated.


abstime value is invalid (tv_sec is less than 0 or tv_nsec is greater than 1e9).

pthread_timedjoin_np() never returns the error EINTR.


These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.3.3.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
pthread_tryjoin_np(), pthread_timedjoin_np() Thread safety MT-Safe


These functions are nonstandard GNU extensions; hence the suffix "_np" (nonportable) in the names.


The pthread_timedjoin_np() function measures time by internally calculating a relative sleep interval that is then measured against the CLOCK_MONOTONIC clock instead of the CLOCK_REALTIME clock. Consequently, the timeout is unaffected by discontinuous changes to the CLOCK_REALTIME clock.


clock_gettime(2), pthread_exit(3), pthread_join(3), pthreads(7)


This page is part of release 5.10 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at