getpeername - get name of connected peer socket
getpeername() returns the address of the peer
connected to the socket
sockfd, in the buffer pointed to by
addrlen argument should be initialized to
indicate the amount of space pointed to by
addr. On return it
contains the actual size of the name returned (in bytes). The name is
truncated if the buffer provided is too small.
The returned address is truncated if the buffer provided is too
small; in this case,
addrlen will return a value greater than
was supplied to the call.
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and
errno is set appropriately.
sockfd is not a valid file descriptor.
addr argument points to memory not in a valid part of
the process address space.
addrlen is invalid (e.g., is negative).
Insufficient resources were available in the system to perform the operation.
The socket is not connected.
The file descriptor
sockfd does not refer to a socket.
For background on the
socklen_t type, see
For stream sockets, once a connect(2) has been performed, either socket can call getpeername() to obtain the address of the peer socket. On the other hand, datagram sockets are connectionless. Calling connect(2) on a datagram socket merely sets the peer address for outgoing datagrams sent with write(2) or recv(2). The caller of connect(2) can use getpeername() to obtain the peer address that it earlier set for the socket. However, the peer socket is unaware of this information, and calling getpeername() on the peer socket will return no useful information (unless a connect(2) call was also executed on the peer). Note also that the receiver of a datagram can obtain the address of the sender when using recvfrom(2).
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